Parsley - Petroselinum crispum (in the Umbelliferae or Parsley family)
Part used: Parsley root, seed.
Taste/smell: Root is sweetish, seed is spicy.
Tendencies: Cooling to neutral, drying root, warming, drying seed.
Dosage: Infusion: 1 scant teaspoon of seeds or one tablespoon of root per cup water; or 1:3 dry strength liquid extract of root: 10-50 drops 1-4 times a day; or seed liquid extract: 10-30 drops 1-4 times per day.
Use: (a) Strong diuretic, (b) Galactagogue, (c) Emmenagogue, (d) Abortifacient, (e) Smooth muscle antispasmodic.
The root is a good diuretic but not as strong as the seed. The seed contains an essential oil that can cause gastric, cardiac, liver and kidney irritation in large doses.
Contraindications: Do not use the essential oil internally unless under the guidance of a qualified health care practitioner. The constituent, apiole, in the essential oil can cause kidney inflammation. Parsley is contraindicated in pregnancy due to the emmenagogue effect and uterine stimulation reported in animal research.